Plants

Bush, Cobasu: rambling umbrella domed bush with twisting branches and dark glossy evergreen leaves shaped like ivy which produces excellently flavored coffee beans. It grows in tropic and subtropic mountain ranges. A liqueur called Yebesh is made from the beans from this bush with palm nuts and mocan nuts.

Bush, Black Leaf: A deceptively plane looking desert shrub called black leaf. The branches wend and coil while its large, segmented leaves look similair to strawberry plant leaves with the flavor of sweet licorice. The plant is a member of the rose family in fact. Though the leaves are green in the spring and summer, by early fall they turn a deep purple black after it flowers from late spring to early summer with handsome, deep purple blooms which last a month, and the plant remains 'black' for two seasons before turning green again. The green leaves turn blush with pink as they change color and at one point are vibrant with green, pink and purple as if the tips and veins have been painted. Its woody berries (like rosehips but more elongated) and leaves alike are used as a spice and to make beverages hot and cold. Its medicinal value is that it sooths the throat or irritated membranes, even sore eyes. The berries like the flowers are purple-black like the leaves and have a stronger flavor than the leaves.

Bush, Mocan: pretty bushes with glossy, thick evergreen leaves which have an all spice flavor often used in cooking. In mid-summer these bushes produce mocan nuts which are shaped like brazil nuts with thinner shells and have a chocolately almond flavor. They grow in arid and semi-arid climates near water sources, around oases, or in areas which get 2 or more inches of rain a year. A liqueur called Yebesh is made from the nuts from this bush with palm nuts and coffee beans.

Bush, Volkfen: volkfen, properly spelled as volcphen is a smallish and pretty shrub with thick oily leaves which resembles a coffee plant. Whether chewed or taken as a tea, this plant's sweet, strongly chocolate flavored leaves and sticky sap calms and deadens pain. Stronger Derivatives and extracts make strong pain killers and sedatives and tonics made from the sap can even stop the heart with an extreme overdose. The resin from the sap is very sticky and if it gets into the blood stream it has a potent tranquilizing effects which can put someone under for hours at a time thus it is often used by surgeons. Though mildly addictive, there are no other 'known' side affects beyond exreme overdoses from the sap which can slow the heart or stop it. A tasty chocolate liqueur called Volteus is made from the leaves and is often used is making baked goods and candies. Volcphen grows in rich mountain soil in tropical areas.

Cactus, King's: a large, uncommon, upright cactus of bright green colour with long thorns and a trunk which has a crown-shaped head that flowers once every two years, while its 2-6 branches resemble arms. Its flesh beneath its thick but supple skin has a delicate flavor like cucumber but without the seeds and gelatinous goo inside and a large bowl shaped bulb beneath the soil filled with watermellon flavored water. The roots grow from the wall of this large bulb. After flowering, this cactus bears strange, magenta coloured, cigar shaped fruit with tender skins which have firm, pale green, tender flesh with the texture and flavor of cantalope. Named both for its king like appearance and the fact that desert kings outlaw this cactus being exploited by anyone not of royal lineage. When used by those who are savy to the responsible use of this plant, this cactus is carefully dug up, the water emptied from its large bulb through a single, narrow slit, which is then patched with desert sweet gum, and after all but two branches have been removed (none if there are only two to begin with) the cactus is replanted. Within a year it will have fully recovered. If someone 'poaches' the water from this cactus they had better hope they treated the cactus right or are not caught damaging it. Drinking its water to save one's life can be forgiven IF the cactus is properly tended.

Cactus, Round Button: a small cactus with narcotic red fruit shaped like buttons.

Fern, Painted: Large, colorful ferns of green, bronze, cream and dark red, that are found around the roots of watchtower pine trees. The spores of these ferns is useful for making a calming sedative by steeping the fern leaves. Large doses can aid in sleep.

Fern, Spearhead: Large, sticky ferns with long arrow shaped leaves which can be deadly if ingested or if its oil gets into the blood stream. Poison made from this fern causes stupor and loss of motor function almost immediately and gradually shuts down all motor function and then organs until death occurs with 5 or more doses. The spores of these ferns however can be used to make a potent healing potion if enough spores can be gathered. Large doses of poison made from this fern's oil can be deadly within the hour.

Grass, Nutgrass: This brilliantly blue-green grass has broad leaves and slender stalks which turn a beautiful amber color when the six inch long seed heads mature. The seeds themselves are a little larger than sunflower seeds and have a deliciously sweet, nutty flavor, much like cashews. These nuts are highly nutritious and restore stamina and health, restores +1 d6 stamina, strength and health per seed head, with a bonus of up to 10 d6 if ten additional seed heads are eaten. The seeds are easy to separate from the grass heads. This grain makes excellent flour and is harvested for this purpose, though its restorative attributes loose a lot during the milling and cooking process. Breads or baked goods made from this grain offer +1 stamina and health per slice. If refined, all healthful benefits are lost, though it still makes a delicious flower. This grass only grows in tropical areas in seaside grasslands and alluvial planes.

Lichen, Greenscale: a type of lichen which grows on the trunks of watchtower pines. If boiled twice and drained, then cooked until tender this moss restores stamina, though it tastes a little musty. If earten raw it actually damages health.

Mint, Heal-all (Beldennia): a plant which heals +50 HP per mature plant (about .5 ounce) if chewed and injested, or +100 HP if made into an infusion. Infusion of .5 ounce = 1 dose.

Moss, Cave (Ssetagia): a phosphorescent moss which grows on cave walls, cure disease by 50% for one hour per dose. Infusion of .5 ounce = 1 dose.

Moss, Weeping (Vetsuari Caenach): A dense, blackish-green moss which hangs in long tendrils from trees branches in ancient, dark, almost lightless forests in temperate areas. This moss is aptly named for if made into a tea, or consumed, it causes a deep sleep, and with large doses causes coma.

Orchid, Ahnrhos: a beautiful white, deep red, or deep, dark blue orchid found in desert oases (white and red varities) or mountains in the tropics (white and blue varities).Ahnri Ahnri is the resinous dung of the caterpillar of an orchid moth (two feet in diameter), found only in tropical mountains and desert oases. The caterpillars feed only on the milk and soft flesh in Ahnrhos orchid seed capsules, spitting the seeds back out to germinate them, and the moths feed only on Ahnrhos orchid nectar. The resin is very strong, opium like, but stronger, and like the orchid it comes from; its flavor and scent is sweetly floral, comparable with Mimosa. Resin gathered from the orchid capsules of Ahnrhos itself is also a potent narcotic, but milder than Ahnri. It is simply called Anrhos, after the orchid, just with different spelling.

Palm, Fruit (Lorthabos): island tropics and deserts, this small, multi-trunked palm tree produces clusters of large, yellow, four inch pear-shaped fruit with green flesh that has a guava-like flavor. Despite its size this tree has large fronds, that unlike most palm leaves, are not prickly, but smooth, leathery and slightly suculent.

Palm, Milk (Cinbos): this palm produces highly nutritious, delicious nuts. With coconut-like shells which are thinner and easier to crack, these fist sized nuts have a solid creamy white meat. If pressed, they produce an excellent palm-cream which can be separated from the oil to produce wonderful palm milk and oil. Island tropics and deserts.

Palm, Giant (Mawgrabos): island tropics and deserts, this towering, large trunked palm tree has enormous fronds and produces large clusters of apricot sized nuts with green husks which turn a dark orange when ripe. The nuts under the husks have hard brown shells covered with woody fur, and when ripe they produce a white, crunchy, tender flesh which tastes similar to coconut and almond. These clusters of nuts fall when they are ready to harvest but are eaten on the ground quickly by many kinds of wild animals. A liqueur called Yebesh is made from the nuts from this palm with cobasu beans and mocan nuts.

Palm, Spider (Mawanrakri): named because of the spider-like palm fronds at the tops of the canes and at the ends of the thin branches which shoot out from the canes near the top. These small, bamboo-like palm trees grow in clumps large and small and their trunks or canes are highly flexible. Large canes are used for making bows and smaller ones for fishing poles. Clusters or dark purple flowers bloom at the center of the fronds and produce bitter nuts that are delicious when roasted, tasting delicately of coffee and chocolate. The nuts are collected after the hulls turn dark red and fall from the palms, they are otherwise green, unripe and inedible.

The hulls are also useful despite the fact that they taste bitterly foul and are tough when raw. When candied however they are delicious and can be sucked or chewed on. The raw hulls can also be boiled and sweetened as a hot or cold beverage which other ingredients such as cream, milk, or spices may be added to. The nuts also contain a mild stimulent called deloksin (dee-lock-sin) which is much stronger in the hulls. Deloksin is great for curing headaches but if too much is ingested it can cause tremours and dizziness.

Tree, Blacknut: can also be found in Arithendor. The wood of this tree is very much like english walnut but darker and even stronger and less likely to rot, while its nuts lacked the same bitter quality of walnuts, albeit they had the same texture and base flavor. Excellent nuts. The bark is black as is the outer casing which surrounds the hard nut shells. The shells have a seam which can be pried apart with a knife or thin piece of metal, but they are extremely hard to crack. The shells make beautiful necklaces. The sap from this tree if collected in the winter hardens to a resilient, glassy, and very hard, clear, black laquer which looks like obsidion and is often used to make armour.

Tree, Blackthorn: Trees which grow to gigantic sizes, the tallest of these trees known is found in An Morendor's Blackthorn Forest in the Eternal Wilderlands and is just over one-thousand feet high with a root system spreading over an acre with a trunk diameter of two hundred feet. There are only two stands of Blackthorn trees on Morashtar, one is in the Eternal Wilderlands and the other makes up half of the Briarwood Jungle and the city of Mythendor in southern Morendor. The elven castle Treethorn in Mythendor is a blackthorn tree. These titans live to be extremely ancient. They have a leather bark which is light grey when they are young that darkens to a satin black color when they grow very old. The bark from fairly young trees makes excellent wicker and the wood when well seasoned is intensely grained with dark shades of brown, siennna and amber, and is very hard. This makes the trees valuable to woodcutters, but the tree is protected in An Morendor and poachers if caught pay for cutting down these trees with their lives. This tree can only be cut with permission from the High King of Morendor or one of his trustees. Amazingly, some lumbermen are willing to risk poaching these trees despite the risks. Blackthorn leaves hang in long, pale green, fern-like trendrils which trail to the ground around the outer perimeter of the tree. The leaves when brewed make a delicious, grape and rasberry flavored tea which has mild healing properties (+2 HP, +1 stamina per cup or per ten leaves chewed). The branches as they grow very large form tiers easily walked on like winding paths on the ancient trees. Straight, Blackthorns grow on both the trunk and new growth, but as the branches grow large the thorns disappear, while on the trunk the thorns continue to grow until so large they can support over a thousand pounds and easily be used to climb the tree. The thorns are sometimes cut and used as weapons or carved into practice swords. Also called Immortal Giants by those who consider the most ancient trees sacred. The caves which the roots form alone can shelter anything from a family to hundreds of people in the oldest trees. Jungle natives will protect the largest of these trees and often inhabit them by living in the roots or natural hollows which they turn into comfortable homes or even cities. Elves, Goblins, Dragons and jungle Shaamea are the primary inhabitants and guardians of these trees.

Tree, Blackwood: a large evergreen which reaches heights of 175 feet with a 10-14 foot diameter. This tree has smooth grey bark, dark purple, almost black seven point leaves, deep purple flowers in spring, and very hard black wood with intricate grains of amber and red brown. Almond-like nuts. Used for nuts, furniture, siding, fishing poles, bows, arrows, wood armour, wooden practice swords, and by sculptors. Sleeping Moss is almost always found hanging from the branches of these trees. This trees grows in temperate and sub-tropical areas. Related to the much larger blackthorn tree.

Tree, Cupola (Nunqemish): named by the Tsularian in the Hamantran language (noon-kay-mish), these trees are protected and related to the rare Ivory Tree of Mhas Andoreth. The branches of these trees when mature are wide spreading and stout, forming broad umbrella-shaped domes with their leaves and boughs, while the trunks are heavy in girth and not tall. Beautiful trees with succulent magenta and maroon coloured leaves which turn brilliant shades of red in the autumns, these evergreens are only bare if they are dying of disease, or if all the leaves are eaten by animals. The cupolas of healthy trees are so densely crowded with its fleshy, ovate leaves, that little light and almost no precipitation gets through their canopies. One can remain dry during rain storms if they take up shelter beneath these gorgeous trees, and the temperature beneath their shade is ten degrees lower, also offering protection to those who can be injured by the harmful rays of the sun.

The bark of these trees is smooth, very tough, and almost white while the hard, rot resistant wood is pale yellow-orange when green and a deep amber-orange when seasoned, with a texture like ivory. The wood is called amberwood, and sometimes fool's amber. These trees can be found growing alone or in small open copses in the tropics and subtropics, or where they have been planted in temperate areas. They typically grow in savanahs and on soil rich islands. These trees grow very slowly once they mature, which they do fairly quickly in about twenty years, at up to thirty feet high with trunks about five feet wide, and domes even wider than the tree is tall. On average the trunks are 15% the trees height in width. Cupola trees can attain great sizes if they can survive for hundreds or thousands of years. Nunqemish, which also means sanctuary tree, can survive forever theoretically if not ravaged by disease, cut down or defoliated and severely damaged by large herd animals which treasure their succulent leaves. There is one Cupola tree in Southern Mehr, outside of Mnt. Peladrius, that is one hundred feet high with a trunk twenty feet wide and a canopy over one hundred feet broad. The ground beneath it is covered with shade loving plants and pebble paths. Another ninety foot tall tree grows in South Haven Morendor, worshipped and guarded by Savannah Shaamae whose village, LhasHashanin, is not far from the tree and the spring it grows near.

Tree, Eternal Guardian (shgdnir): Very ancient, rough barked, broad girthed, hardwood trees which have large, sweeping branches that provide excellent shade and delicious nuts the year round. It is a live hardwood, and its ovate, leathery leaves stay green all year. Small groves of these trees were planted many ages ago by elves near springs or artesian wells. Eternal Guardians can otherwise be found in temperate and tropical mountain areas near water sources.

Tree, Forever Green Giant (Trgireth Olmr): these redwood-like evergreens grow immensely tall with straight trunks which grow mammothly thick. Their wood is deep red in color. Grows in temperate and tropical regions. This tree with the Goldleaf Tree grows to mammoth sizes large enough to support a family to a couple dozen people in the roots, branches and hollows when ancient. Dragons also make homes of the roots and hollows. Like the Blackthorn Tree, this tree is protected and can only be cut with permission from High King Maelmorda or one of his trustees.

Tree, Glass (Glaesfoil): deciduous tropical forests, named after the resin which looks and feels so much like glass when it dries. This tree has large, oakleaf shaped, glossy leathery leaves that are a dark green-blue in colour. It has a clear sap that covers wounds and dries as a glassy laquer which protects the tree from disease and wood borers. Copses of these trees are tapped for their resin, which when mixed with strong alcohol retards its drying process so it can be stored in airtight containers. The alcohol evaporates after the resin is applied whereof it dries to create a very tough, clear, smooth, shiny surface. Glasstree resin is called Liquid Glass (Glaesbrenn) and is used for coating wooden walls, frames, furniture and floors, and for encasing objects such as leaves, flowers and small skulls for making jewelry. It is also molded into statues, figurines,charms and pendants, or molded into blocks which are carved with files and polished with fine sandpapers. Once this resin dries, it resists water, alcohol, and many chemicals. Acid alone can soften it again and sandblasting is often necessary to remove it safely. When hardened, it is as hard as a soft stone and can be sanded or carved.

Tree, Goldleaf (Ghaelfoil): these thick trunked trees are similair to a beech tree, only its leaves are gold all year round and it grows much larger in height and girth. This tree's bone white wood is also very tough and springy, and makes excellent wicker, baskets and bows. This tree with the Forever Green Giants grows to mammoth sizes large enough to support a family to a couple dozen people in the roots, branches and hollows when ancient. Dragons also make homes of the roots and hollows. Like the Blackthorn Tree, this tree is protected and can only be cut with permission from High King Maelmorda or one of his trustees.

Tree, Hale (Crascolc): Hardy nut trees which form small groves. The nuts are tender and crunchy with a white meat that has a slightly bitter flavor like pecans. Grow in deserts and tropical islands.

Tree, Ivory (Sepheuru): high canopied trees with tall trunks which spread open at the tops like umbrellas. Named after its hard, highly rot resistant wood, which is the colour and even texture of ivory, this tree was once highly valued for its wood by Tsularian in Mhas Andoreth. The wood is so much like ivory in look and feel that it is also called fool's ivory. This tree is now endangered and is protected. Native to Mehr and Mhas Andorath Oases, these trees may be found as rare ornamentals in soil rich tropic areas. Related to the far more common Cupola Tree.

Tree, Jujo : a tropical tree which has bamboo-like branches with large fronds and bears clusters of deliciousm, pear-shaped, yellow skinned and pink fleshed, sweet tropical fruit called jujo which have a kiwi-strawberry-plum flavor and texture. Used by Wild Elves (dragon riding Annwn elves) to make jojonco, a strong, narcotic liquor used in marriage ceremonies to see into the mind and heart of anyone the drink is shared with to a state of excessive intoxication. The fermented juice of this fruit (takes two weeks and often used in concert with a mild flavored yeast found on the leaves of nutgrass) cures certain types of poisons (blood borne and arcane venoms) as well.

Tree, Mosswood (Caeonari): a rough, brownish-grey barked fruit tree which grows upward of 30-100 feet tall with a wide umbrella-like canopy which thick blankets of 'carpet moss' always grow beneath. The moss also grows up their trunks and even onto the branches of older trees. The salmon coloured fruits grow in bunches like grapes with small tender seeds that can be eaten if harvested at the right time, when the fruit first turns from green to completely pink. The mosswood fruit are grape and kiwis-like in flavor and texture. If allowed to fully ripen, the seeds become hard and viable. Rodents and birds enjoy the seeds so new growth crowding does not occur.

Tree, Red Plum (Dirgrio): enormous trees with a high dome of wide sweeping branches that can produce thousands of plums on one tree. Harvesting them is the trick as they are anywhere from twenty-five to one-hundred feet off the ground. By the time they fall to the ground they are soft and bruise from the fall, which quickens their fermentation process. Animals, even predatory types, do not mind the bruised or fermented fruit in the least.

Tree, Respite (Shalaakta): a thorny desert scrub bush with thick, three inch long, succulent leaves. The leaves can be sucked to get water which restores some stamina and health. (+1 stamina per three leaves and +1 health per leaf)

Tree, Sheltering (Fscaris) There are very few trees except the hardy sheltering trees at the edges of Morashtar's beaches. These small trees have curling branches and grow no more than ten feet high, while stands of these trees form dense cover beneath their branches and profuse evergreen leaves, which are ovate in shape, shiny and dark green green in color. Their roots reach into white and grey clay deposits beneath the sand and only grow where the sand is not too deep and good clay is available. Potters often use these trees to find high quality clay deposits. Four inch white flowers with red streaks and speckling appear on these trees in the late spring which produce small, edible coconut-like seeds which they propagate by. A neatly shaped tree, it is often grown as an ornamental in gardens, requiring only a few buckets of clay and three to five inches of sand to grow in..

Tree, Spirit (Esmythri): great, smooth barked, gnarled hardwood trees. The Esmythri produce an excellent bonding resin with a sweet scent also used for incense, a food spice, medicine and smoking. It is pleasantly intoxicating and reduces pain. Grows on islands in the tropics.

Tree, Sweet Sap (Alnselris): a common tree in temperate and subarctic regions alike; this tree produces deliciously sweep syrups from its sap when it drops below 40 degrees for more than three days. The leaves on this tree turn a brilliant fiery red, yellow and orange in the autumn.

Tree, Watch Tower Pine (Suil Arieth): tall pines with large, straight trunks and pinecones that are an excellent source of pinenuts. Stands of these pines can cover hundreds of miles with an evergreen rainforest in temperate and subarctic regions. The trunks are often covered with greenscale, a type of lichen, and painted ferns are found around their roots.

Tree, White Bark (Rusvalan):

Tree, Whispering Branch (Cogroa): these enormous trees have naked, pale grey trunks and wide sweeping branches. Its ever-purple leaves hang in long, fern-like tendrils like a willow tree giving it its whispering sound. The fibers of this tree are excellent for making rope which resists rotting and moisture. Temperate and tropical zones

Tree, Witchwood (Cassavil): Among the largest trees are the gnarled Witch or Witchwood trees, named after their appearance. They resemble titan, debarked oak trees, their mammoth trunks black to dark grey, its five-round-point leaves, resembling hands, are a dark, waxy sienna all year round, and they produce a delicious, sweet nut similair to cashews in flavor and texture, and brazilnuts in size and shape. This tree's wood is rock hard and a rich amber in color. There are witchwood trees that are thousands are years old which have attained heights of 600-650 feet with trunk sizes of fifty feet in diameter. These trees continue to grow so long as they live. This tree is not even a native of Morashtar, but of the world Darkstar, and was imported by the elves accidentally thousands of years ago. The oldest, largest, and what is believed to be the first Witchwood tree grows in Grey Haven valley and is a sacred keep to the elves there.

Vine, Wild Rock Rose (Grag Xdirs): rock rose spreads its vines, deep red flowers, and dense leaves over the ground, rocks, small boulders and rubble. This rare vining plant has 'hips' with medicinal qualities similair to opium without being physically addictive. In large doses it can be deadly, and frequent use causes insanity, separating the mind from reality. Grows in temperate and sub-arctic waste areas. These plants are distributed by birds which eat the seeds and nest in barren, open areas.

Rocks and Minerals

White Pylon Stone (Belaesium): This white marble is beautiful, easy to carve with the right tools and very strong and resistant to weathering.

Black Pylon Stone (Ssetisium): This black marble is beautiful, easy to carve with the right tools and very strong and resistant to weathering.

Chalsedium: (cal-seh-dee-um) a hard, resilient, copper coloured, and non-corrosive metal with unique properties and a high heat threshold. Uses: is made into dice, forged by dwarrow almost exclusively into flutes for its harmonic qualities, into cookware, superb melee weapons and armour, but is valued most by physicists for tooling pre-forged bars into rods which when placed in a special (chromium and radium rich) mineral water tank and exposed to a specific, high intensity, harmonic vibration can create a cold fusion reaction in a fusion chamber. Though this mineral is patent to Morashtar and its solar system, it is used by the Trecouri and by specialists in Acheron for the purpose of making fusion energy which is selectively brought to Morashtar (GM consent only). Found in veins of obsidian and agate were magma chambers have rapidly cooled as a result of seismic eruptions cracking open magma pockets and pouring cold water onto the molten rock. This heavy metal forms perfect cube shaped crystals as it cools. Dangerous to mine because it is so deep underground. (Material Stats: AC +11, Weight +3 lbs pci, Strength +70, Damage+25). This metal is worth the value of gold x 100 gram for gram.

Crysallait: (cris-sah-lite) a crystal clear, transparent steel which does not rust made by the Trecouri which translates to 'steel-glass' in other languages. Used for making surgical tables, swords, anything steel can be used for, as well as walls and doors for observation areas and for using in place of glass where strength is desired, such as for computer screens, lenses, and other technological devices. (damage +19, strength +60, weight +2 lb pci, AC +9)

Diamthrill: this metal is extremely hard, resilliant, and enchantable. It comes in black and white (silver) vareties. This metal is very light weight yet incredibly strong, and is so shiny that its entire surface reflects its surroundings like a mirror, creating a sort of chameleon affect. Wearing armor made of this metal adds to stealth and can confuse enemies. Diamthrill is extremely tricky to smith because it is so resistant to high temperatures. Few beside the Mythannor, their Maelvanor cousens, and the Darkstar Elves even have a clue how to forge it, which requires smelting fires that are fused with the magical energy of morphing.

Flower of War: also called Gem Spikes, these medium to often large clusters of irregular stone spikes of chalcedony formed when volcanic glass cools as a rapid rate. Edges are sharp as surgical scalpels and tips are sharply pointed. Sometimes used to made enchanted swords with powers which keep it from chipping and fracturing. Areas covered in large clusters of these beautiful crystals are difficult, even dangerous to navigate. (damage +1 per inch in length, strength 20, weight per cubit inch (1x22) is 2 lbs)

Still-fire Stone: a transluscent or clear stone which is extremely dense and resistant to cracking, chipping, scratching, or shattering, but which can be cut with fine laser instruments. This stone radiates phosphorescent light bright enough to see by in dark places. Colour spectrum varies between colourless, and either light or deep shades of; amber, blue, green, red and purple, whereby this most valuable of all stones can easily be mistaken for other minerals. This gemstone is quite heavy and twenty times harder than diamond. Formed in large globs by lava cooling under extreme pressure or in double faceted crystals with 15 sides. Use: jewelry, pommel and staff ornaments, fine cutting tools, sanders and files. (+10 damage, +45 strength, +6 weight, +7 AC).




Contents by JD and Sparky © Copyright 2008